Agency vs Experience

The question of animal rights is not, “Can they reason?” nor, “Can they talk?” but, “Can they suffer?”

– Jeremy Bentham

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Descartes believed animals were little automatons that were driven by the biological equivalent of springs and levers; they might cry out in ‘pain’, but that was only because of mechanical linkages, just as your alarm clock might cry out when morning comes.

– Daniel Wegner and Kurt Gray